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EU Regulations on dietary supplements 2/3

Oct 12, 2021

4. strengthened food management regulations (Reg EC/1925/2006)

At the end of 2006, the European Union announced Reg EC/1925/2006 on the addition of vitamins, minerals or other substances to food. This regulation has been implemented on July 1, 2007. Such foods that were put on the market before July 1, 2007 shall comply with the requirements of the regulations by December 31, 2009 at the latest.

vitamins supplements

The regulation states that fortified foods include vitamins, minerals, and other substances with nutritional and physiological effects other than vitamins and minerals, especially functional foods of plant origin. The fortified food regulations aim to protect the interests of consumers, unify the different food regulations implemented by member states, and allow fortified foods containing vitamins, minerals or other substances to circulate freely in the EU.


The regulations mainly make new provisions for supplementing vitamins and minerals in food, as well as other substances including plants. If a substance may have harmful effects, risk assessment and risk management procedures are required.


5. Food Labeling Directive (Dir 2000/13/EC)

On March 20, 2000, the European Parliament and the Council issued Dir 2000/13/EC to harmonize the laws of the member states on the labeling, description and advertising of food sold to end consumers.

The directive stipulates that the following information should be marked: food name, ingredient list, quantity of certain ingredients, net content, shelf life, any special storage and use conditions, names and addresses of manufacturers, packers and sellers, place of origin, and any necessary Instructions for use, beverages with an alcohol content of more than 1.2% per unit volume must indicate the specific concentration of alcohol.

At the same time, the regulations set very strict requirements on the reliability of nutrition information on food labels. For labeling required by regulations, all ingredients must be listed in order of weight. For nutrition and health claims, the relevant regulations of Reg EC/1924/2006 shall be complied with.

Food Labeling

6. Food Hygiene Regulations (Reg EC/852/2004)

On April 29, 2004, the European Parliament and the Council issued Reg EC/852/2004, which is a revised version of the food hygiene-related regulations contained in the European Council Directive 93/43/EEC. The purpose is to establish a A comprehensive and complete policy system covering all food products at each point of sale.

This regulation applies to food companies and is used to ensure food hygiene and safety throughout the production and processing process from primary products to final consumers, but does not include food nutrition, composition, and quality issues.

According to the regulations, food business operators (except for primary production) should adopt the Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) principle proposed by the Codex Alimentarius (International Food Standard Code developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations). Therefore, most EU plant extract buyers have requirements for Chinese extract companies to pass HACCP.


7. Maximum residue limits of new agricultural and veterinary drugs in food and feed (Reg EC/396/2005)

On February 23, 2005, the European Parliament and the Council promulgated Reg EC/396/2005, which organically unified the residue limits of human food and animal feed and established a default limit. The EU requires that all edible products for human or animal consumption must meet the maximum residue limit of pesticides and veterinary drugs. The current regulation is the amendment Reg EC/149/2008 of January 29, 2008.

poultry raise

1) Food types of concern

The regulations clearly stipulate the maximum limits of pesticide residues in certain human foods and animal feeds, covering all edible products that can be consumed by any animal, including the repealed Directive 90/642/EEC (products of plant origin). When these products are used for planting, active ingredient testing, and for the production of non-food products, they can be unlimited.

2) Default limit and special limit

According to EU regulations, the maximum limit of pesticide residues in food is 0.01mg/kg, which is the default limit. For foods for which there is no clear maximum residue limit, the default limit is usually used as the standard.

In some special cases, special limits may be used for food, which may be higher than the default limit.

3) Response to pesticide residue limits

In some special cases, even if the product does not meet the limit requirements of the regulatory appendix, if the product does not have unacceptable risks, the member states can approve the use of the product. The member state must immediately notify the European Commission, other member states and the European Food Safety Authority so that relevant measures (such as setting temporary maximum residue limits, etc.) can be taken as quickly as possible.