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brief introduction of Ginseng

Sep 23, 2021

Ginseng has appeared in Chinese culture for thousands of years. Chinese people have always attached great importance to the healing and tonic effects of ginseng. Modern research ginseng extract contains more than 30 kinds of saponins, polysaccharides, amino acids and so on. This article with the types of ginseng extracts and the effective ingredients and side effects of ginseng extracts and ginsenosides on the market, so as to give everyone a comprehensive understanding of ginseng extracts.

What is ginseng?

Ginseng is the root of a perennial herbaceous plant in the Araliaceae family. It belongs to the genus Panax ginseng C.A.Mey. Its root or whole plant is used in medicine. It is mainly produced in Jilin, Liaoning, Heilongjiang, Korean Peninsula and other places, and Fusong County in Jilin has the largest production, so it is called Jilin Ginseng. There is another species called American ginseng (P. quinquefolius), or American ginseng for short, also known as American ginseng. It is produced in the Americas, especially from Wisconsin in the United States and British Columbia in Canada.

Chemical composition

The chemical components of ginseng mainly have 30 kinds of ginsenosides, including known ginsenosides Ro, Ra~h, Rb is divided into Rb1, Rb2, Rg is divided into Rg1, Rg2, Rg3, a total of 3 types of saponins, sapogenin It is glycol, ginsengtriol, oleanolic acid and so on. There are more than ten kinds of volatile oils, such as ginsenoside, ginsenoside, β-elemene and so on. Sugars include monosaccharides, disaccharides, and polysaccharides. It also contains amino acids, organic acids, vitamins, minerals such as copper, iron, zinc, aluminum, manganese, cobalt, silicon, calcium, etc., other amphibians, and so on.

ginseng

Product name: Ginseng extract, ginsenosides/glycosides, ginseng root extract

Specifications: 40%-80% ginseng root saponins 10%-20%

Scientific name: Panax ginseng C. A. Mey.

Aliases: God grass, goblin, human title

Family: Araliaceae (Araliaceae)

Source: dried roots/stems and leaves of ginseng


Main ingredients

1. Ginsenoside Rx (Ginsenoside Rx; x = a ~ h)

Triterpene saponin is a kind of triterpene saponin. It is the main active ingredient of ginseng, with a content of about 4%. According to the molecular structure and side chain of aglycon, it can be divided into protopanaxatriol, protopanaxadiol, There are three major categories of oleanolic acids. At present, about 30 different monomeric ginsenosides have been isolated. It is one of the effective ingredients in ginseng that inhibit cancer cells.

Ginseng Root Extract/Ginseng Root Saponins

Ginseng root saponins are mainly composed of: RG1, RE, RF, RB1, RC, RB2, RB3, RD. 8 active ingredient monomers.

ginsenosides peaks


2. Ginseng polysaccharides:

At present, dozens of polysaccharides have been isolated from ginseng. Ginseng polysaccharides mainly contain acidic heteropolysaccharides and glucans. Heteropolysaccharides are mainly composed of galacturonic aldehyde, galactose, rhamnose and arabinose. Their structure is very complex and contains part of polysaccharides with a molecular weight of 10,000 to 100,000. Such compounds have pharmacological effects such as immune regulation, anti-tumor, anti-ulcer and hypoglycemic effects.

3. Other:

Ginseng contains maltol, which has a strong antioxidant effect. In addition, ginseng still contains 0.05% volatile oil, organic acids, vitamins, a variety of active glycosides, alkaloids, etc.

Whats the benefits

1. Improve human immune function and adaptability to the environment

2. Enhance physical strength

3. Adjuvant treatment of cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension and hyperlipidemia

4. Improve the deterioration of diabetes

5. Cancer adjuvant treatment

6. Enhanced features

Who should not take ginseng or ginseng extract:

1. Patients with insomnia

Ginseng has a central nervous system excitatory effect. Insomniacs, the cerebral cortex excites and inhibits balance disorders. Taking ginseng will aggravate insomnia.

2. Gastrointestinal disease

It has been found that the culprit of many gastrointestinal diseases is Helicobacter pylori, and ginseng has a protective effect on the bacteria, which is not conducive to the killing of drugs.

3. Patients with acute infectious diseases and hypertension patients with fever symptoms are not allowed to take it.

4.Pregnant women should take it under the instructions of a doctor, pharmacist or dietitian.

Side effect

Overdose can cause symptoms such as insomnia, skin rash, edema, hypotension, diarrhea, abdominal pain, abnormal blood pressure and abnormal endocrine in women. In severe cases, it may cause vaginal bleeding.

Combined use with MAO Inhibitor, anticoagulant, antihistamine, diuretic, vitamin C, and products containing caffeine may cause adverse drug reactions.

Dosage and usage

Decoction: 3-9 grams.

Ginseng powder: 1-2 grams each time, 2-3 times a day. For chronic diseases, the daily dosage can be reduced and the course of treatment can be prolonged.

Ginsenosides: 1-2 ml each time, 2-3 times a day.